Otters have recovered in many areas but are still struggling to return to Sussex. Length: 90cm plus a tail of 45cm According to the IUCN Red List, the overall estimate of the population in the United Kingdom was around 10,395 individuals in 2004. sea otters Sea otters at the Vancouver Aquarium, Stanley Park, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. You need to hike if you wish to get a glimpse of these shy creatures. Many designated sites are on private land: the listing of a site in these pages does not imply any right of public access. Habitat. As otters are a European protected species, it will also be necessary to demonstrate that the tests in the Habitats Regulations can be met at the planning application stage. 3: Know your companions. Background and purpose of document . Habitat. <> endobj Eurasian otters will generally live anywhere that has a source of unpolluted fresh water with a sufficient food supply. This is demonstrated by a known record of continuous occupation of the site, even, in England, during the period of population decline. Sea otters prefer coastal habitats within a mile of the shoreline. endobj Marshes may also be very important habitat for raising young and as a source of frogs. Currently it has a rather discontinuous distribution with strong populations in Greece, Spain, Portugal and much of eastern Europe. Those living on the coast are susceptible to oil spills. 8 October 2013 . Northumberland. Giant otters (genus Pteronura) are found mainly in slow-moving rivers and creeks within forests, swamps, and marshes. Tracks/footprints: Otter prints can be found at the edge of river banks, in gravel, sand, and mud, and on tarmac if they have just left the river. Registered in England and Wales. Historically, otters Lutra lutra occurred over most of the UK. Otters seek clean rivers, filled with food and overgrown banks where they can raise their cubs. 8��v�*��U�DҚ��T2����_*%��U�I1��� h�1&�/����z���d7���Zj�5I�b�/��/�Q���؏��yI U�.U0�S翜ʓ+E���W�ߓ � Thankfully, following the ban of these chemicals in the early 1990s, water quality increased and the slow-road to recovery began. Poor bankside habitat - a lack of the habitat features required for breeding. Otters are carnivorous mustelids in the Lutrinae subfamily. Otter habitat is not exclusive to dens, and it is also known in quiet undisturbed areas, for them to sleep above ground in what are known as couches, made from reeds or grass. Though still considered rare, the species is widespread in the UK and can be seen in almost every county. Cubs are usually born in a holt in a bank, or between rocks or tree roots. The otter Lutra lutra is a semi-aquatic mammal, which occurs in a wide range of ecological conditions, including inland freshwater and coastal areas (particularly in Scotland). They also inhabit the northern most part of Africa. Habitat. Populations suffered catastrophic declines in the 1950s and 1960s, a trend that was also seen across continental Europe. Otters are adorable creatures that live both on land and in the water. But it survived in Scotland’s cleanest bodies of water in the north and west. Coastal otter habitat ranges from sheltered wooded inlets to more open, low-lying coasts. Otters are now very common along the coast of Norway and in Northern Britain, especially Shetland where 12% of the UK breeding population exist. De otter (Lutra lutra), ook Europese otter of visotter genoemd, is een marterachtige uit het geslacht Lutra.De otter heeft zwempoten en een donkere, dichte, bruine vacht. Otters are usually found no more than a few hundred meters from water. Most sea otters remain in habitats with rocky substrate, as their prey tend to be more plentiful in these areas. From a distance, they can be confused with mink, particularly as they are found in similar habitats, but otters are much larger and when they swim, they do so with just their head showing above the water, while mink swim with their heads and backs exposed. An otters diet mainly consists of fish, however, it can also include birds, insects, frogs, crustaceans and small mammals. Populations in coastal areas utilise shallow, inshore marine areas for feeding but also require fresh water for bathing and terrestrial areas for resting and breeding holts. This gregarious animal grows to a length of up to 1.8 m (5.9 ft), and is more aquatic than most other otters. Their diet in the wild is crustaceans, mollusks, and small fish. Fishing - there is a perceived conflict with angling/fishing that can result in the deliberate killing of otters. Most species are entirely dependent on aquatic habitats for food. ik �F2 |*�ƃ�`,��@摖'�_�.�"I �6����#�2I� }J9&߾!����L'�?²Hb@O�Q�U�Fa���y/D�e���Z���b�������[h��yݬ��'����� ��-����߄ Y%��+��z�b^����~�j�h� ����\�ݺX ��t؟�w%�\���Z�����d�_��g�+�bY������i����������ҫ� �� %PDF-1.5 The species was driven to near extinction in some areas between the 1950s and 1970s, but thanks to improvements in water quality and greater protection it can once again be found across Northern Ireland, Scotland, Wales and – as of 2011 – every county in England. x��0 v*u�,%��狭+?X� �В�.��u�_�5_ ��{V���==�3�=L���������K�?�1����I�V���u��߲IN�/_di�U:/��.��oٔi^'0,���Կ|���/_�����ɧ�}����48�Q2�~�"Q�_�g���勿��7߿N�`9�-'�+��u�+5YNU�T;�Jei�Ws5���P΀D��'�2�R �I�:�_����c{ߗ�wC2�cq�������*h�jҢ���*Qe��Ъ��S�M�ap]��N��/��0J�/���u�T�NM�y�Ҧ�S@�� 4r�>�-@�*�:�C�s�����P&5@�J�i�[p��)��(�X=���i`C��n�*������u����T� But it survived in Scotland’s cleanest bodies of water in the north and west. 17. 1. 3. Today, the species is flourishing across Scotland, and recovering well across the UK as waterways are cleaned up. The otter (Lutra lutra) was lost from most of England and Wales between the 1950s and the 1970s because of pesticide pollution of waterways. The Eurasian otter's diet mainly consists of fish. Otters are found almost all over the world and in many wet habitats, such freshwater rivers, lakes, oceans, coastlines and marshes. 1 0 obj By the 1970s, otters were restricted mainly to Scotland, especially the islands and the north-west coast, western Wales, parts of East Anglia and the West Country (though they remained common and widespread also in Ireland). There is extensive habitat suitable for, Cors Caron is one of the largest wetland areas in Wales and feeds into the River Teifi. Contact Paul Wilkinson at enquiries.westmidlands@canalrivertrust.org.uk. Guidance on managing woodlands with otter in England . Cricklepit Mill (Devon Wildlife Trust) An urban site with easy access and regular otter sightings, … While the SAC series makes a contribution to securing favourable conservation status for this Annex II species, wider countryside measures, in particular Biodiversity Action Plan implementation, additionally contribute to conservation of this species in the UK. Photograph: Environment Agency/PA It forms a large productive area which provides all aspects of, This site contains the large freshwater waterbody of Loch Maree with its numerous heavily wooded islands and areas of fringing woodland and heath. Mortality on roads, entanglement in illegally set crayfish traps and fyke nets, and habitat degradation continue to have a negative impact on otter … Eurasian Otters’ Habitat and Distribution ☑️. Otters are aquatic (water-based) relatives of badgers and weasels. The sea otters usually live near the shore waters of the North Pacific, from Japan, north to the coast of the Kamchatka Peninsula, then from Alaska down along the Pacific coast of North America to Baja, California. Diet. Tees Valley Wildlife Trust. River otters (genus Lutra) inhabit all types of inland waterways, as well as estuaries and marine coves. Fish is their most preferred choice of food in Mediterranean and temperate freshwater habitats. De wetenschappelijke naam van de soort werd als Mustela lutra in 1758 gepubliceerd door Carl Linnaeus. 1 The ‘Habitats Regulations’ refers to . They are often mistaken for beavers though. Simple things you can do to create good habitat for otters Leave the root plates of fallen trees – otters will use cavities behind these to rest Retain mature riverside trees with good root plates to help prevent river bank erosion, maintain shade and create refuges for fish, and to provide natural holt sites. They even love to live in swamp and marsh areas. Manage your land to create a ‘mosaic’ of interconnected habitats and farmland Prior to the 1950s, otters were common throughout Sussex on all river catchments. They are expert swimmers and spend much of their time hunting for prey in water, where they catch mainly fish and invertebrates. The Habitats Directive1 aims to conserve various species of plant and animal which are rare across Europe, and it requires Member States … Sites that are known to support high densities have been selected to represent the current strongholds of the population. Company no. However, recent surveys suggest that the otter population is recovering well and recolonising parts of its former range. Twenty-five years ago, The English otter population was on the brink of extinction after half a century of agricultural chemicals leaching into the rivers and polluting the food chain. During the winter and in colder environments, though, fish consumption is significantly lower, and the otters use other sources of food, including amphibians, crustaceans, insects, birds and sometimes small mammals, including young beavers. Deze soort heeft het grootste verspreidingsgebied van de otters en komt voor in een groot gedeelte van Europa en Azië Housing for an Asian small-clawed otter is not for everyone. Eurasian otters are indigenous to the UK and can be found in either fresh or salt water, although it’s usually known as the river otter for the obvious reason. This guidance is provided for ecologists and developers considering applying for a mitigation licence for otters where disturbance or harm to otters and their habitat is likely to happen. Otter, any of 13–14 species of semiaquatic mammals that belong to the weasel family and are noted for their playfulness. Common otters are piscivorous, meaning they … Never put a photograph, film clip, or personal experience before the welfare of the otter. The SAC series reflects the present discontinuous distribution of otters Lutra lutra in the UK. %���� Dense fur keeps the sea otter warm in the cold waters it lives in. The Habitat Range. Happily the UK population is showing healthy signs of growth after its sad decline in the 1950s. This otter is found in coastal areas and on larger inland rivers … Research estimates that Otter territories are roughly 10–20 km, depending upon the quality of the habitat and resources. Dense fur. Historically it is a very important site for otters and has been an important source of breeding, Dornoch Firth and Morrich More consists of an estuarine system with extensive areas of bordering natural habitat including sand dune, woodland and small lochans. The otter population is widespread and individuals are wide-ranging, normally occurring at low densities, which is reflected in the relatively large number of sites where the species occurs as a qualifying feature, but is not a primary reason for site selection. At present, the majority of the otter population in Great Britain occurs in Scotland, with a significant proportion of this number being found in the north and west of the country. qxpLz0��nr�%SI�. Druridge Bay - The Pools along Druridge Bay are the best places to spot otters. The male’s territory can cover about 15 km of river, crossing it every 3 or 4 nights. Sometimes they hold hands so they don’t drift away from each other. Most live on shorelines of freshwater rivers and lakes, but a few hunt along seaside coasts. ��޲^ kU�+�:���.�ͱ����Q��.����J��0l���o`�Q�}p��H>+�+����3~��Gk\+�z\W��amڔ�������3���� P��b(߯�j��Тw{�ጿBo�k�2�Ea}B&��f�����P�'�����#}�tz$̤�7��? Most sea otters remain in habitats with rocky substrate, as their prey tend to be more plentiful in these areas. Otters are usually found no more than a few hundred meters from water. There are 13 different otter species worldwide, but the Eurasian otter is the only species to inhabit Europe. The otter is lithe and slender with short legs, a strong neck, and a long flat tail that helps propel it gracefully through water. Otters have their cubs in underground burrows, known as a ‘holt’. The otter is one of Britain's largest carnivores and a male otter may weigh over 15kg although females are somewhat lighter. These extensive marshes together with their lochs, small lochans and ditches provide ideal feeding, resting and shelter areas for, Inverpolly contains extensive areas of large lochs and small lochans together with numerous small river and burn systems as well as an extent of coastline. Sea otters are social animals, usually found in groups, called rafts. Most species are entirely dependent on aquatic habitats for food. This is the smallest otter species being only about 11 lbs. The sea otter, however, rarely comes ashore, according to the San Diego Zoo. The River Evelix and the River Oykel, which both feed into the site, provide further, The Insh Marshes are a component part of the River Spey. As well as a known high density of otters, sites selected have good quality habitat features necessary for feeding and breeding. Contact Paul Wilkinson at enquiries.westmidlands@canalrivertrust.org.uk. Rehabilitated otters (eg after injury) are occasionally but infrequently released (only 4-5 per year). Otters are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae.The 13 extant otter species are all semiaquatic, aquatic or marine, with diets based on fish and invertebrates.Lutrinae is a branch of the Mustelidae family, which also includes weasels, badgers, mink, and wolverines, among other animals. The cause was the combined effects of water pollution, habitat destruction and persecution, including hunting. They are able to stay well hidden in these types of environments which makes them less like to fall victim to a variety of predators on land. Hunting and trapping of mink - may inadvertently kill otters instead. They also like crystal clear waters with stony bottoms. Though most live in freshwater rivers, lakes, and wetlands, the sea otter and the smaller marine otter are found in the Pacific Ocean. 2: Prioritise species safety. 1. Inland populations utilise a range of running and standing freshwaters. Both rely exclusively on marine prey, although the sea otter can be found much farther offshore; the marine otter stays within about 100 metres (330 feet) of the shore. disturbed a site, the higher the possibility that otters may use otherwise sub-optimal sites for resting. Newborns are only about 12cm long but grow quickly and can swim at three months. Otters prefer to live in bodies of water that are close to land offering them wetlands or the woods close by. Shop Lights & Accessories. Because otters eat mainly fish, you’ll generally find them in areas where there are plenty of this food source. They are frequently found in protected harbors, barrier reefs, and kelp forests that offer shelter from wind and waves. Otters return to every county in England Once the rivers were cleaned up, fish returned to once-polluted waters and otters began to spread back eastwards from their strongholds in Devon and Wales The otter is well suited to a life on the water as they have webbed feet, dense fur to keep them warm and can close their ears and nose when underwater. ����$k!�t�Zs���w,��v��߱����jb��*'f�c �"��n�λG�=:�����gkǍvL�C�s�G?O}�M��3���:t�)�D����3�+��SE&��n��� ��i�q��Ħ�J3�l��N=g'�ޝ�g�m׬٪#�co�Z5Y2�p~ }�߽r�_?��w������ �#Z�Ǥ=l������. Animals and Nature; Otters These sites are protected under the Conservation of Habitats and Species … Th… Otters have the densest fur of any animal—as many as a million hairs per square inch in places. There are 13 extant species of otter around the world, one of which is native to the UK. The area supports a key dense, The Dee is a major east coast Scottish river, which flows uninterrupted for some 130 km from its upland reaches in the high Cairngorms to the North Sea. Size. Never put a photograph, film clip, or personal experience before the welfare of the otter. It hasn't been plain sailing for otters in the UK in the last few decades. Oftentimes, they are found by the River Lune. Shropshire Wildlife Trust's Otter Project uses camera traps to search for otters on the River Severn, and the Canal & River Trust is seeking volunteers to help survey otters on the waterways of Birmingham. Otters occupy large home ranges – up to 40km along a river for a male otter but less than half that for a female. GUIDANCE . Sofas, Furniture & More. NWT manages five reserves along Druridge Bay: Cresswell Shore and Cresswell Pond, Druridge Pools, East Chevington and Hauxley. An otters diet mainly consists of fish, however, it can also include birds, insects, frogs, crustaceans and small mammals. <> 3 0 obj The otter Lutra lutra was once widespread in Europe, but populations declined sharply during the 1960s and 1970s due to pollution, exacerbated by hunting and habitat loss. Otters do not have a fixed breeding season, but most births occur in winter or spring. 4 0 obj <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> <>>> Otters in the UK and Sussex The European otter (Lutra lutra) is a protected species in the UK following a dramatic crash in their numbers in the 1960s. The Lower Otter Restoration Project will create 55 hectares of mudflats and other habitats. Spraints: In other words, otter droppings. Version 2 . }��xߤ�9г@����I{�O�╟�ƴ[�DzZ��Azn���R%�� )�4j~&��ȓψ9�w�B��зZ�W�w�l(0DTM���*t��šW��d�Z��0~b��W���0s B+��g�;�F�a2��O0!���9AB�li�Y �6��ni(H�|��:CVwx�d�Ɏ&浸���۲�Y�K;$+�L=��xlip?=>ko�E��b��Wo�9۬?�����Ox����@��rS�0��eK�G� f��Y�*bǰ�N|�5�s�JA�2�L�)K�5@��,dHl��4�������I��5=�yS����7ɞ�)����D�h �MT�^�& Sea Otters have very distinct habitats. Brighton Store Now Open. They can thrive in any water habitat, such as ponds, marshes, lakes, rivers, and estuaries—in cold, warm, or even high-elevation areas—as long as the habitat provides adequate food. Their favourite habitats include wetlands, rivers and coastlines. There are several places in the UK where you might be able to spot otters. Sea otters prefer coastal habitats within a mile of the shoreline. This ancient woodland on the River Lune is consider an otter hotspot. 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